"Free!" 1863. Library of Congress: LC-USZC4-252.
The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified on July 9, 1868, granted African Americans their freedom. Shown here is a print of an African American slave reaching freedom. The print is entitled “Free!” and was created circa 1863 by Henry Louis Stephens. The 14th Amendment specifically granted men the right to vote.
A.R. Waud. "The first vote." 1867. Library of Congress: LC-USZ62-19234 .
On February 3, 1870 the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution was ratified. This amendment stated “The rights of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” This ensured that all men had the right to vote no matter their race. However, it did not grant women the right to vote. The image shown here is a print from 1867 by Alfred Rudolph Waud and shows a line of American Americans, all in different dress, being allowed to cast their first ballot.
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, Speech at the Eleventh Woman's Rights Convention, 1866
Library of Congress
Crusade for the Vote is a comprehensive educational resource for students and teachers that examines the history of the U.S. woman's suffrage movement.